What are SNAILS?
The snail is a mollusk of the gastropod species, these little animals have a spiral-shaped shell; they usually live in different types of environments. The snails move through a series of undulating muscle contractions that traverse the underside of the foot.
Snails produce a mucus or as it is popularly called a “slime” which helps them to move in a more fluid way, since it decreases friction with the ground.
Why are there snails in our plants?
Snails can become one of the most voracious pests that we can suffer in the garden or in our organic vegetable garden. Since these are areas where if we are consistent and do not use chemicals, these animals are in their own particular Eden.
They proliferate easily when conditions are ideal for them. As these are the wet seasons with average temperatures, spring and autumn are the seasons when we can see them more.
During cold or very hot periods they will be lethargic.
They love humidity and if we have sprinkler irrigation it is easier to see them, since we humidify more surface and they will feel more comfortable.
How do snails affect our plants?
The leaves are filled with holes and can become gnawed in stripes. Normally during the day they remain hidden and come out at dusk or on cloudy days, especially after rain or irrigation, snails are typical pests in irrigated areas that can cause significant damage.
These mollusks cause damage to vegetable garden plants because they are voracious and devour all types of vegetables, fruits and leaves. They attack vegetables and all types of plants, even causing damage to fruit trees, especially in plantations of 3 or 4 years old, as well as leaves, buds and shoots, and can kill young trees. In adult trees, it damages fruit for export and damages vegetation.
How to ELIMINATE snails naturally?
PREDATORS OF SNAILS
- Rumina decollata, known as snail, is an omnivorous snail species that feeds on snails and slugs, among other prey. It is used for biological snail control and its use is spreading.
- The Snail Sparrowhawk (Rostrhamus sociabilis) specializes in hunting freshwater snails.
- The Thrush, which has a particular way of getting hold of the soft part of the snail. He holds it by the shell with his beak and hits it against a stone to gain access to the snail’s flesh.
- The snail snake (Sibon annulatus) bases its diet on snails, for which its mouth is prepared to break their hard shells.
- Other natural predators of the snail are: shrew, ground hedgehog, badger, fox, rat, dormouse or weasel, blackbird, crow and magpie, mallard or hen, duck, carabid beetles, glow worm larvae and scolopendra.
PARASITOIDS OF SNAILS
- Leucochloridium Paradoxum is the scientific name of the parasitic worm in question, which begins its reproductive cycle in the stomach of the birds, where it generates larvae that come out through the feces. These are consumed by the snails, which unwittingly become infected.